What is dementia?

Dementia is defined as a cognitive impairment that usually develops over a long period and is so pronounced that it impedes daily functioning. It results from a variety of diseases and injuries that affect the brain, but the most common cause is Alzheimer’s disease. The neurologist should carefully examine the patient and perform the necessary examinations to determine the type of dementia.

Are there any dementias that can be cured?

Any person with dementia can be treated according to their symptoms, but in the vast majority of patients, it is not realistic to expect that treatment will lead to real healing. This is why diagnostic needs to be focused on those diseases that can cause dementia and can be successfully treated. Not all of these diseases can be listed here, but some of the most important are the following: thyroid hormone deficiency (hypothyroidism), vitamin B12 deficiency, some chronic inflammatory brain diseases (eg, AIDS), some surgically treatable brain diseases. Sometimes the symptoms of depression are very similar to dementia, so in these cases, we can talk about “pseudodementia”. For this reason, any patient with dementia symptoms should be examined by a neurologist or psychiatrist.  According to clinical findings, they may recommend additional tests or order the therapy.

Additional information:

Alzheimer Disease Society Croatia